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中学英语高频考点突破:可接双宾语的38个常用动

时间:2017-04-07 20:57来源:未知 作者:高老师 点击:
可接双宾语的38个常用动词 (1) 双宾语易位时需借助介词to的常用动词 award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb. 颁奖给某人 bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb. 把某物带给某人 hand sb. sth. =hand sth. to sb. 把某物递
可接双宾语的38个常用动词

(1) 双宾语易位时需借助介词to的常用动词

 

award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb. 颁奖给某人

 

bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb. 把某物带给某人

 

hand sb. sth. =hand sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人

 

lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb. 把某物借给某人

 

mail sb. sth. = mail sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人

 

offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 将某物给某人

 

owe sb. sth. = owe sth. to sb. 把……归功于某人;欠某人某物

 

pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人

 

pay sb. sth. = pay sth. to sb. 付给某人某物(钱)

 

post sb. sth. = post sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人

 

read sb. sth. = read sth. to sb. 把某物读给某人听

 

return sb. sth. = return sth. to sb. 把某物还给某人

 

send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 把某物送给某人

 

sell sb. sth. = sell sth. to sb. 把某物卖给某人

 

serve sb. sth. = serve sth. to sb. 拿某物招待某人

 

show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 拿某物给某人看

 

take sb. sth. = take sth. to sb. 把某物拿给某人

 

teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb. 教某人某物

 

tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某情况

 

throw sb. sth. = throw sth. to sb. 把某物扔给某人

 

write sb. sth. = write sth. to sb. 给某人写信

 

(2) 双宾语易位时需借助介词for的常用动词

 

book sb. sth. = book sth. for sb. 为某人预定某物

 

buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物

 

choose sb. sth. = choose sth. for sb. 为某人选某物

 

cook sb. sth. = cook sth. for sb. 为某人煮某物

 

draw sb. sth. = draw sth. for sb. 为某人画某物

 

fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 为某人去取某物

 

find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb. 为某人找到某物

 

fix sb. sth. = fix sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物

 

get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb. 为某人拿来某物

 

make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb. 为某人做某物

 

order sb. sth. = order sth. for sb. 为某人订购某物

 

pick sb. sth. = pick sth. for sb. 为某人采摘某物

 

prepare sb. sth. = prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物

 

save sb. sth. = save sth. for sb. 为某人留某物

 

sing sb. sth. = sing sth. for sb. 为某人唱某物(歌)

 

spare sb. sth. = spare sth. for sb. 为某人让出某物

 

steal sb. sth. = steal sth. for sb. 为某人偷某物

 

注意:有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,既可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,含义相同,如bring,play等:

 

Bring me today’s paper. = Bring today’s paper to [for] me. 把今天的报纸拿给我。

 

He played us the record he had just bought. = He played the record he had just bought for [to] us. 他放了他刚买的唱片给我们听。

 

有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,既可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,含义不同,如leave等:

 

They left me no food. = They left no food for me. 他们没给我留一点食物。

 

My uncle left me a large fortune. = My uncle left a large fortune to me.

 

我叔叔死后留下一大笔财产给我。

 

而有的动词后接双宾语时,既不能用介词to引出间接宾语,也不能用介词for引出间接宾语,如allow, ask, cause, charge, cost, forgive, refuse等:

 

He allows his son too much money. 他给他儿子的钱太多。

 

He asked me some questions. 他问了我一些问题。

 

This caused me much trouble. 这给我带来了许多麻烦。

 

He charged me five dollars for a cup of tea. 他一杯茶向我要了5美元。

 

His mistake cost him his job. 他的错误让他丢了工作。

 

I envy you your good luck. 我羡慕你的好运。

 

They forgave him his rudeness. 他们原谅了他的鲁莽。

 

He refused her nothing. 她要什么他就给什么。

(责任编辑:高老师)
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